Afro american beard styles Afro caribbean beard styles Afro beard styles. What haircuts are permissible? - IslamQA

I have a few questions. Firstly, is it permissible to cut your hair in different lengths (buzz cut or fohawks), or can you shave of your sideburns and make a style on your beard, not shave it off. I am asking this because when I was younger the barber used to shave my sideburns of while giving me a haircut, but I’m almost 16 now and my sideburns are huge and I have no beard…I look like a monkey… My dad said I can’t shave it off because its part of my beard and keeping a beard is [wājib?] Afro beard styles.

If you break something that is wājib, are you still a muslim and what is the punishment? Also, what is the amount you have to keep of the beard?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

There are two parts to your question. The first is to do with the hair of the head and the second is to do with the beard. They will be discussed separately.

It is permissible for a male to cut his hair. This is based on the fact that there are numerous narrations which mention that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam and the Sahabah radhiallahu anhum cut or shaved their hair. However, there are certain haircuts/ hairstyles that are impermissible.

Everyone is attracted to the latest fashion and style donned by celebrities, pop stars, sports stars and models. Everybody wants to be identified as a person who is in-sync with the times and in co-ordination with the latest trend. This ranges from the clothes such people wear to the foods they eat; and the hairstyles they don.

Hairstyles play a major part in the way a person is perceived by society. Certain hairstyles display chivalry and boyishness, whereas other styles display that a person is a business man or a serious person. Certain hairstyles link a person to a certain group, clique or organization. Other people choose to style their hair to display their personality; be it daring, carefree, lazy, adventurous, free spirited etc.

Some of these hairstyles are as follows:

•Crew cut








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•Caesar cut






As Muslims we should protect our identity. Islam is our way of life in everything.It is not restricted to the masjid, the house or our workplace; it advises us on what we can wear and can’t wear, on what we can eat and can’t eat; likewise it has given us specific guidelines pertaining to our appearance.

Allah Ta ῾ ālā states in the Holy Quran:

قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ

“Say: (Oh Muhammad) If you love Allah then follow me and Allah will love you and He will forgive your sins.”

It was the noble habit of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam to keep long hair and it has also been proven that he shaved the hair of his mubaarak head. [i]

If one doesn’t want to keep long hair or a bald head, he may adopt the hairstyles of the pious people because Allah Ta ῾ ālā states in the Holy Quran:

وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ

“And follow the way of those people who repent to me.”

Generally, there are two factors that render a haircut impermissible.

Qaza’ is impermissible because of the following Hadīth:

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· عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ: نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الْقَزَعِ. قَالَ: وَمَا الْقَزَعُ؟ قَالَ: أَنْ يُحْلَقَ مِنْ رَأْسِ الصَّبِيِّ مَكَانٌ وَيُتْرَكَ مَكَانٌ [iii]

Translation: Umar bin Nāfi’ that Nāfi’ narrates that Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhuma said: Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam prohibited us from Qaza’. Ibn Nāfi’ enquired: what is Qaza’? He replied: “To shave one part of a child’s head and leave the remaining part unshaven.”

Some of the haircuts mentioned above fall under the ambit of Qaza’ such as the: crew cut, flattop, rattail and mowhawk (when part of the head is shaved).

The second factor that renders a haircut impermissible is imitating non-muslims or fashioning ones hair according to the latest hairstyles. Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said:

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُمْ [iv]

If a person’s hair is uneven, it will be deemed impermissible if it resembles the fashion hairstyles of the non- believers [v] such as footballers, pop stars, actors etc. Haircuts and hairstyles such as a mowhawk, fohawk, marine cut, tram lines, box fade, quiff, pompadour, emo cut etc. will be impermissible. [vi]

If one is not sure as to whether keeping a certain hairstyle falls under the ambit of imitating the non- believers then he should abstain from it. Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam is reported to have said:

“Leave that which puts you in doubt and implement that thing which does not put you in doubt.”

The Beard- its’ definition

أَنَّ الْمُرَادَ بِاللِّحْيَةِ الشَّعْرُ النَّابِتُ عَلَى الْخَدَّيْنِ مِنْ عِذَارٍ وَعَارِضٍ وَالذَّقَنِ [ix]

“The following is meant by ‘lihya’: the hair that grows on the cheeks consisting of the sideburns (idhār), jawbone (āridh) and chin (dhaqn).”

عِذَارٍ: شعر الخدين من شحمة الاذنين الى منبت اللحية /القدر المياذي للاذن

Idhār: The hair that grow on the cheeks; starting from the earlobe until the jawbone/ the area adjacent to the ears.”

عَارِضٍ: الشعر النابت على الخد و يمتد من اسفل العذار حتى يلاقي الشعر النابت على الذقن [x]

Aaridh: The hair that grows on the cheek; it starts from the bottom of the idhār until the hair that grows on the chin.”

[ii] وَيُكْرَهُ الْقَزَعُ وَهُوَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ الْبَعْضَ وَيَتْرُكَ الْبَعْضَ

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) رد المحتار على الدر المختار, ج.٦, ص.٤٠٧, دار الفكر (

قَالَ: وَمَا الْقَزَعُ؟ قَالَ: أَنْ يُحْلَقَ مِنْ رَأْسِ الصَّبِيِّ مَكَانٌ وَيُتْرَكَ مَكَانٌ

) سنن ابن ماجه, ج.٢, ص.١٢٠١, دار إحياء الكتب العربية (

) بذل المجهود, ج.١٧, ص.٨٣, دار الريان للتراث (

Other texts to take into consideration

( ق ز ع ): ( فِي الْحَدِيثِ ) نَهَى عَنْ ( الْقَزَعِ ) هُوَ أَنْ يُحْلَقَ الرَّأْسُ وَيُتْرَكَ شَعْرٌ مُتَفَرِّقٌ فِي مَوَاضِعَ فَذَلِكَ الشَّعْرُ قَزَعٌ ( وَقَزَّعَ ) رَأْسَهُ تَقْزِيعًا حَلَقَهُ كَذَلِكَ وَكَأَنَّهُ مِنْ ( قَزَعَ ) السَّحَابِ وَهُوَ قِطَعٌ مِنْهُ مُتَفَرِّقَةٌ صِغَارٌ جَمْعُ قَزَعَةٍ ( وَمِنْهَا ) الْحَدِيث { كَانَتْ السَّمَاءُ كَالزُّجَاجَةِ لَيْسَتْ فِيهَا قَزَعَةٌ }.

قَوْلُهُ وَأَمَّا حَلْقُ رَأْسِهِ إلَخْ) وَفِي الرَّوْضَةِ للزَّنْدَوِيستي أَنَّ السُّنَّةَ فِي شَعْرِ الرَّأْسِ إمَّا الْفَرْقُ أَوْ الْحَلْقُ. وَذَكَرَ الطَّحَاوِيُّ: أَنَّ الْحَلْقَ سُنَّةٌ، وَنَسَبَ ذَلِكَ إلَى الْعُلَمَاءِ الثَّلَاثَةِ، وَفِي الذَّخِيرَةِ: وَلَا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ وَسَطَ رَأْسِهِ وَيُرْسِلَ شَعْرَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَفْتِلَهُ وَإِنْ فَتَلَهُ فَذَلِكَ مَكْرُوهٌ، لِأَنَّهُ يَصِيرُ مُشَبَّهًا بِبَعْضِ الْكَفَرَةِ وَالْمَجُوس فِي دِيَارِنَا يُرْسِلُونَ الشَّعْرَ مِنْ غَيْرِ فَتْلٍ، وَلَكِنْ لَا يَحْلِقُونَ وَسَطَ الرَّأْسِ بَلْ يَجُزُّونَ النَّاصِيَةَ تَتَارْخَانِيَّةٌ قَالَ ط: وَيُكْرَهُ الْقَزَعُ وَهُوَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ الْبَعْضَ وَيَتْرُكَ الْبَعْضَ قَطْعًا مِقْدَارَ ثَلَاثَةِ أَصَابِعَ كَذَا فِي الْغَرَائِبِ، وَفِيهَا: كَانَ بَعْضُ السَّلَفِ يَتْرُكُ سِبَالَيْهِ وَهُمَا أَطْرَافُ الشَّوَارِبِ.

وفي رَوْضِهِ الزندويستي أَنَّ السُّنَّةَ في شَعْرِ الرَّأْسِ إمَّا الْفَرْقُ وَإِمَّا الْحَلْقُ وَذَكَرَ الطَّحْطَاوِيُّ الْحَلْقُ سُنَّةٌ وَنُسِبَ ذلك إلَى الْعُلَمَاءِ الثَّلَاثَةِ كَذَا في التَّتَارْخَانِيَّة يُسْتَحَبُّ حَلْقُ الرَّأْسِ في كل جُمُعَةٍ كَذَا في الْغَرَائِبِ وَلَا بَأْسَ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ وَسَطَ رَأْسِهِ وَيُرْسِلَ شَعْرَهُ من غَيْرِ أَنْ يَفْتِلَهُ وَإِنْ فَتَلَهُ فَذَلِكَ مَكْرُوهٌ لِأَنَّهُ يَصِيرُ مُشَابِهًا بِبَعْضِ الْكَفَرَةِ وَالْمَجُوس في دِيَارِنَا يُرْسِلُونَ الشَّعْرَ من غَيْرِ فَتْلٍ وَلَكِنْ لَا يَحْلِقُونَ وَسَطَ الرَّأْسِ بَلْ يَجُزُّونَ النَّاصِيَةَ كَذَا في الذَّخِيرَةِ وَيَجُوزُ حَلْقُ الرَّأْسِ وَتَرْكُ الْفَوْدَيْنِ إنْ أَرْسَلَهُمَا وَإِنْ شَدَّهُمَا على الرَّأْسِ فَلَا كَذَا في الْقُنْيَةِ يُكْرَهُ الْقَزَعُ وهو أَنْ يَحْلِقَ الْبَعْضَ وَيَتْرُكَ الْبَعْضَ قَطْعًا مِقْدَارَ ثَلَاثَةِ أَصَابِعَ كَذَا في الْغَرَائِبِ وَعَنْ أبي حَنِيفَةَ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى يُكْرَهُ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ قَفَاهُ إلَّا عِنْدَ الْحِجَامَةِ

( وَ ) مِنْهَا ( الْقَزَعُ ) بِفَتْحِ الْقَافِ وَالزَّايِ فَمُهْمَلَةٌ وَهُوَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ بَعْضَ رَأْسِ الصَّبِيِّ وَيَتْرُكَ مِنْهُ مَوَاضِعَ النَّهْيِ وَلِتَقْبِيحِ الصُّورَةِ وَلِتَشِبِّيهِ الْكَفَرَةِ فَإِذَا مُنِعَ مِنْ الصَّبِيِّ فَبِالْأَوْلَى مِنْ الْبَالِغِ ثُمَّ نُقِلَ إلَى الْأَعَمِّ مِنْ الصَّبِيِّ أَوْ تُجُوِّزَ لَهُ وَفِي الْجَامِعِ عَلَى رِوَايَةِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُمَا { احْلِقُوهُ أَيْ أَزِيلُوا شَعْرَ الرَّأْسِ كُلَّهُ أَوْ اُتْرُكُوهُ كُلَّهُ } فَحَلْقُ الْبَعْضِ مَعَ تَرْكِ الْبَعْضِ مَكْرُوهٌ مُطْلَقًا تَنْزِيهًا بِلَا عُذْرٍ لِرَجُلٍ أَوْ امْرَأَةٍ ذَكَرَهُ النَّوَوِيُّ فِي الْقَفَا أَوْ النَّاصِيَةِ أَوْ الْوَسَطِ خِلَافًا لِبَعْضِ مَا فِيهِ مِنْ التَّشْوِيهِ وَتَقْبِيحِ الصُّورَةِ وَزِيِّ أَهْلِ الْفَسَادِ بَلْ زِيِّ الْيَهُودِ وَيَشْمَلُ مَا إذَا تَرَكَ مَوَاضِعَ مُتَفَرِّقَةً أَوْ حَلَقَ الْأَكْثَرَ وَتَرَكَ مَحَلًّا وَاحِدًا وَهُوَ مِنْ كَمَالِ الْمَحَبَّةِ الْمُصْطَفَى لِلْعَدْلِ فَإِنَّهُ أَمَرَ بِهِ حَتَّى فِي شَأْنِ الْإِنْسَانِ مَعَ نَفْسِهِ فَنَهَاهُ عَنْ حَلْقِ بَعْضٍ وَتَرْكِ بَعْضٍ لِأَنَّهُ ظُلْمٌ لِلرَّأْسِ حَيْثُ جَعَلَ بَعْضَهُ كَاسِيًا وَبَعْضَهُ عَارِيًّا وَنَظِيرُهُ الْمَشْيُ فِي نَعْلٍ وَاحِدَةٍ.

وَقَوْلُهُ احْلِقُوهُ يَدُلُّ عَلَى جَوَازِ الْحَلْقِ وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ الْجُمْهُورِ وَخَصَّ ذَلِكَ بَعْضُ الْمَالِكِيَّةِ بِالضَّرُورَةِ لِوُرُودِ النَّهْيِ فِي غَيْرِ الْحَجِّ لِكَوْنِهِ فِعْلَ الْمَجُوسِ وَالصَّوَابُ الْجَوَازُ بِلَا كَرَاهَةٍ وَلَا خِلَافَ الْأَوْلَى وَأَمَّا قَوْلُ أَبِي شَامَةَ الْأَوْلَى تَرْكُهُ لِلتَّشْوِيهِ وَمُخَالَفَةِ السُّنَّةِ إذْ لَمْ يُنْقَلْ حَلْقُهُ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ بَلْ إثْمٌ فِي غَيْرِ نُسُكٍ لِأَنَّهُ شَرَعَ فِي الدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَنْ بِهِ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فَفِي حَيِّزِ الْمَنْعِ بِلَا رَيْبٍ كَيْفَ وَقَدْ { حَلَقَ الْمُصْطَفَى صَلَّى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَأْسَ ابْنِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ } وَأَعْدَلُ حَدِيثٍ فِي هَذَا الْمَقَامِ قَوْلُ حُجَّةِ الْإِسْلَامِ لَا بَأْسَ بِحَلْقِهِ لِمَزِيدِ التَّنْظِيفِ وَلَا بِتَرْكِهِ لِمَنْ يَدَّهِنُ وَيَتَرَجَّلُ يَعْنِي مَنْ قَدَرَ عَلَى دَهْنِهِ وَتَرْجِيلِهِ فَبَقَاؤُهُ لَهُ أَوْلَى وَمَنْ عَسُرَ عَلَيْهِ لِضَعْفٍ وَفَقْرٍ فَيُلَبَّدُ وَيَتَوَسَّخُ وَيَجْمَعُ الْقَمْلَ فَحَلْقُهُ أَوْلَى.

الاقتصار على حلق الربع أو تقصيره عند التحلل؛ بالخروج من إحرام الحج والعمرة، وهذا الكراهة في جميع أحوال الحلق؛ لأن القزع منهي عنه، فعن ابن عمر ء رضي الله عنهم ء: (إن رسول الله ء صلى الله عليه وسلم ء نهى عن القزع، قال: قلت لنافع: وما القزع؟ قال: يحلق بعض رأس الصبي ويترك)

[viii] وَفِي شَرْحِ الْإِرْشَادِ اللِّحْيَةُ الشَّعْرُ النَّابِتُ بِمُجْتَمَعِ اللَّحْيَيْنِ وَالْعَارِضِ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَبَيْنَ الْعِذَارِ وَهُوَ الْقَدْرُ الْمُحَاذِي لِلْأُذُنِ يَتَّصِلُ مِنْ الْأَعْلَى بِالصُّدْغِ وَمِنْ الْأَسْفَلِ بِالْعَارِضِ

) البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق, ج.١, ص.١٦,دار الكتاب الإسلامي (

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